Continence and using the toilet

People with dementia may face a number of difficulties with using the toilet, particularly as the illness progresses. These can include: ƒ

Memory: Forgetting to go to the toilet, where it is, or how to use it. ƒ

Sequencing: Struggling to perform the different physical steps in the right order. ƒ

Communication: Not being able to say when they need to go, or when, how and why they are experiencing problems. ƒ

Recognition: Not recognising the body’s physical messages that they need to go, or not realising what the toilet is and going elsewhere instead. ƒ

Environment: Finding the toilet may be difficult. Colours, mirrors and surfaces may cause confusion.

This guide looks at four common situations for people with dementia — and suggests ideas to offer support.